Yavapai County Cooperative Extension Xeriscape List

Shrubs

Latin Name Common Name Height/Width Water Hardiness Sun Exposure Seasonality Flower Color Flower Season
Agave neomexicana New Mexico agave 2 ft/2 ft low up to 7,000 full sun evergreen yellow spring, once
Agave parryii Parry's agave 2 ft/3 ft low ? full sun evergreen white summer
Agave utahensis Utah century plant 1 ft/2 ft low hardy to 0 F full sun evergreen yellow spring-summer
Amorpha canescens Leadplant 4 ft/4 ft low up to 4,500 sun deciduous purple summer
Arctostaphylos pungens Pointleaf manzanita 6 ft/6 ft low up to 8,000 sun-part shade evergreen pink/white spring
Artemisia filifolia Sand sagebrush 4 ft/5 ft very low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen yellow/white summer-fall
Artemisia tridentata Big sagebrush 7 ft/7 ft very low up to 10,000 sun evergreen purple summer?
Atriplex canescens Four-wing saltbush 6 ft/8 ft very low up to 8,000 full sun evergreen yellow summer
Atriplex obovata Obovate saltbush 1 ft/2 ft very low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen green/gray summer?
Baccharis sarothroides Desert broom 5 ft/5 ft low hardy to 15 F sun-part shade evergreen white fall
Berberis fremontii Fremont barberry 10 ft/10 ft low up to 7,000 sun evergreen yellow spring
Berberis haematocarpa Red barberry 5 ft/5 ft low up to 7,000 sun-part shade evergreen yellow spring
Buddleia marrubiifolia Woolly butterfly bush 3 ft/4 ft low up to 4,500 sun-part shade evergreen orange summer
Calliandra eriophylla Pink fairyduster 4 ft/6 ft very low up to 5,000 sun deciduous? pink summer?
Caryopteris x clandonensis Blue mist spirea 3 ft/3 ft low-mod up to 8,500 full sun-part shade deciduous blue summer
Ceanothus leucodermis Chaparral whitethorn 12 ft/12 ft low up to 6,000 sun-part shade evergreen pink/blue/white spring
Ceratoides lanata Winterfat 3 ft/3 ft low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen seeds white fall-winter
Cercocarpus betuloides Birchleaf mtn. mahogany 8 ft/6 ft low up to 6,500 sun evergreen color? spring?
Cercocarpus ledifolius Mountain mahogany 15 ft/8 ft low up to 9,000 sun-part shade evergreen yellow spring
Cercocarpus montanus Alderleaf mtn. mahogany 6 ft/5 ft low up to 9,500 sun evergreen? pink/red spring?
Chamaebatiaria millefolium Fernbush 6 ft/6 ft low up to 7,000 full sun deciduous white summer
Choisya dumosa Starleaf Mexican orange 2 ft/3 ft low up to 6,500 sun-part shade evergreen white summer
Chrysactinia mexicana Damianita 4 ft/4 ft low up to 6,000 sun-part-shade evergreen yellow summer
Chrysothamnus nauseosus Chamisa; rabbitbrush 4 ft/6 ft low up to 9,000 sun deciduous yellow fall
Cowania mexicana Cliffrose 15 ft/10 ft low up to 8,000 sun evergreen yellow summer
Dalea formosa Feather dalea 2 ft/2 ft very low hardy to 0 F sun deciduous purple spring
Dalea greggii Trailing indigobush 1 ft/6 ft very low hardy to 10 F sun-part shade deciduous purple spring-fall
Dalea pulchra Pretty dalea 3 ft/3 ft very low up to 5,000 sun deciduous purple spring
Dasylirion wheeleri Desert spoon; sotol 7 ft/4 ft very low up to 6,000 sun evergreen yellow spring?
Dodonaea viscosa Hopbush 10 ft/6 ft low hardy to 15 F sun-part shade evergreen yellow/green ?
Dyssodia acerosa Shrubby dogweed 0.5 ft/1 ft very low hardy to 10 F sun evergreen yellow summer
Echinocereus triglochidiatus Claret-cup cactus 1 ft/4 ft very low up to 5,000 sun-part shade evergreen red/purple spring
Encelia farinosa Brittlebush 3 ft/4 ft low hardy to 15 F sun deciduous yellow spring
Encelia frutescens Green brittlebush 3 ft/4 ft low hardy to 5 F sun deciduous yellow spring
Ephedra trifurca Mormon tea 15 ft/15 ft very low up to 7,000 sun-part shade evergreen yellow (male) spring
Ephedra viridis Jointfir 3 ft/3 ft very low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen green spring
Ericameria larcifolia Turpentinebush 6 ft/4 ft very low up to 6,000 sun-part shade evergreen yellow fall
Eriodictyon angustifolium Yerba santa 4 ft/5 ft very low up to 7,000 sun evergreen lavender spring?
Eriogonum fasciculatum California buckwheat 5 ft/7 ft very low up to 7,000 sun-part shade evergreen pink/white spring
Eriogonum umbellatum Sulphur flower 1 ft/2 ft very low up to 11,000 sun evergreen yellow summer
Eriogonum wrightii Wright buckwheat 1.5 ft/2 ft low hardy to 0 F sun ? white/pink summer-fall
Fallugia paradoxa Apache plume 5 ft/5 ft very low up to 8,000 sun deciduous white/pink summer
Fendlera rupicola Cliff fendlerbush 6 ft/6 ft very low up to 7,000 sun evergreen? white spring
Ferocactus wislizenii Fishhook barrel cactus 11 ft/2 ft very low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen orange summer
Flourensia cernua Tarbush 3 ft/3 ft very low hardy to 10 F sun evergreen yellow fall
Forestiera neomexicana New Mexico privet 15 ft/10 ft low up to 7,000 sun deciduous yellow spring
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo 15 ft/10 ft very low hardy to 10 F sun evergreen orange spring
Garrya flavescens Silktassel bush 6ft/4ft low up to 7,000 sun evergreen catkins white spring
Garrya wrightii Wright silktassel 8 ft/6 ft low hardy to 10 F sun-part shade evergreen catkins white spring
Hesperaloe parviflora Red yucca 3 ft/3 ft moderate up to 4,500? sun-part shade evergreen pink spring-summer
Hippophae rhamnoides Sea buckthorn 18 ft/12 ft low-high up to 7,000 sun deciduous green spring
Hyptis emoryi Desert lavender 12 ft/15 ft? very low up to 5,000 sun evergreen? purple spring
Juniperus horizontalis Creeping juniper 1.5 ft/8 ft low-high up to 8,000 sun-part shade evergreen cones blue --
Larrea tridentata Creosote bush 10 ft/10 ft very low up to 5,000 sun-part shade evergreen yellow spring
Leucophyllum frutescens Texas ranger sage 6 ft/6 ft low up to 6,000? sun evergreen purple spring?
Lotus rigidus Deer-vetch 1.5 ft/2 ft very low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen yellow/orange spring
Lycium andersonii Anderson thornbush 6 ft/6 ft very low up to 6,000 sun evergreen? lavender spring
Lycium pallidum Pale wolfberry 4 ft/6 ft very low up to 7,000 sun evergreen? white spring
Menodora scabra Rough menodora 1 ft/1 ft very low hardy to 15 F sun evergreen? yellow spring-summer
Mimosa biuncifera Catclaw mimosa 6 ft/6 ft very low up to 6,000 sun deciduous white/pink spring-summer
Mimulus aurantiacus Monkeyflower 2 ft/2 ft very low up to 5,000 sun-part shade evergreen various spring-fall
Nolina microcarpa Sacahuista; beargrass 5 ft/8 ft very low up to 6,500 sun evergreen green spring-summer
Nolina parryi ssp wolfii Wolf's beargrass 8 ft/10 ft very low up to 6,000 sun-part shade evergreen white (male) spring
Opuntia engelmannii Engelmann's prickly pear 4 ft/10 ft very low up to 6,000 sun evergreen yellow spring
Opuntia imbricata Tree cholla 8 ft/10 ft very low up to 6,000 sun evergreen pink spring-summer
Opuntia leptocaulis Desert Christmas cholla 2 ft/3 ft very low up to 5,000 sun evergreen yellow spring-summer
Opuntia santa rita Santa Rita prickly pear 4 ft/6 ft very low up to 4,000 sun evergreen yellow spring
Parthenium incanum Mariola 3 ft/4 ft very low up to 6,500 sun deciduous white summer-fall
Poliomintha incana Hoary rosemarymint 4 ft/6 ft low hardy to 10 F sun evergreen blue summer
Potentilla fruticosa Cinquifoil; potentilla 4 ft/4 ft low up to 10,000 sun-part shade deciduous yellow summer
Prunus besseyi Western sand cherry 6 ft/6 ft low-mod up to 8,000 sun deciduous white spring
Psorothamnus scoparia Broom dalea 3 ft/4 ft very low hardy to 15 F sun deciduous? blue spring-summer
Quercus berberidifolia California scrub oak 15 ft/12 ft very low up to 5,000 sun-part shade evergreen insignificant? spring?
Quercus turbinella Scrub oak 8 ft/12 ft low hardy to 15 F sun-part shade evergreen insignificant spring
Rhamnus californica California buckthorn 10 ft/10 ft low hardy to 15 F sun-part shade evergreen green/white spring
Rhus glabra Smooth sumac 7 ft/7 ft moderate up to 7,500 sun deciduous berries red ?
Rhus microphylla Littleleaf sumac 8 ft/12 ft very low hardy to 5 F sun deciduous white spring
Rhus ovata Sugar sumac 10 ft/10 ft low hardy to 10 F sun-part shade evergreen white/pink spring
Rhus trilobata Three leaf sumac 6 ft/6 ft low-mod up to 9,000 sun-part shade deciduous green spring
Rhus typhina Staghorn sumac 10 ft/15 ft low up to 7,500 sun-part shade deciduous yellow summer
Rhus virens Evergreen sumac 8 ft/10 ft very low hardy to 5 F sun-part shade evergreen white spring-summer
Ribes aureum Golden currant 6 ft/6 ft low-mod up to 8,000? part shade deciduous yellow spring
Robinia neomexicana New Mexico locust 20 ft/20 ft low-mod up to 8,500 sun deciduous pink summer
Rosa arizonica Arizona rose 4 ft/3 ft low up to 9,000 sun-shade deciduous pink spring-summer
Rosa x harisonii Harison's yellow rose 5 ft/6 ft low-mod up to 9,000 sun deciduous yellow spring
Rosmarinus officianalis Rosemary 4 ft/4 ft low-mod hardy to 0 F sun-part shade evergreen blue spring
Salazaria mexicana Paperbag bush 3 ft/3 ft low hardy to 5 F sun deciduous purple/white spring
Salvia apiana White sage 5 ft/6 ft very low up to 5,000 sun evergreen white spring-summer
Salvia dorrii Dorri sage; desert sage 3 ft/3 ft very low up to 6,000 sun-part shade evergreen blue/purple summer?
Salvia greggii Autumn sage 6 ft/5 ft low-mod up to 5,800 sun-part shade evergreen red/pink/white spring-fall
Salvia mohavensis Mojave sage 2 ft/2.5 ft low hardy to 0 F sun evergreen blue/lavender spring-summer
Santolina chamaecyparissus Lavender cotton 1.5 ft/2 ft low up to 8,000 sun evergreen yellow summer
Shepherdia argentea Silver buffaloberry 10 ft/8 ft low up to 7,500 sun evergreen berries red summer?
Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba 6 ft/6 ft very low up to 7,500 sun evergreen ? ?
Sphaeralcea ambigua Globe mallow 3 ft/3 ft very low up to 8,000 sun-part sun evergreen orange summer
Stanleya pinnata Desert plume 5 ft/5 ft low up to 8,000 sun ? yellow spring-summer
Syringa rothomagensis Chinese lilac 8/6 ft moderate up to 7,500 sun-part shade deciduous purple spring
Syringa vulgaris Lilac 20 ft/15 ft low-mod up to 11,000 sun deciduous purple spring
Tiquilia greggii Plum tiquilia 2 ft/2 ft very low hardy to 5 F sun deciduous pink/purple summer
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican buckeye 15 ft/15 ft very low hardy to 5 F sun-part shade deciduous pink spring
Yucca angustissima Narrowleaf yucca 4 ft/1.5 ft very low up to 7,500 sun evergreen white? summer?
Yucca baccata Banana yucca 3 ft/3 ft very low up to 7,000 sun evergreen white spring
Yucca brevifolia Joshua tree 30 ft/20 ft very low up to 6,000 sun evergreen white/green spring (not all)
Yucca elata Soaptree yucca 10 ft/8 ft very low up to 6,000 sun evergreen white spring (not all)
Yucca schidigera Mohave yucca 15 ft/4 ft very low up to 8,000 sun-part shade evergreen white/purple spring
Zizyphus obtusifolia Graythorn 6 ft/8 ft very low hardy to 15 F sun deciduous insignificant summer
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Materials last updated on March 4, 2000
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